National Nutrition Week 2021: national nutrition week
National Nutrition Week 2021 /strong>: Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation. It presents a risk to health. This usually happens when we take in more calories than we are burning through exercise and normal daily activities. The prevalence of overweight or obese people has been increasing in India over the past several years. Obesity is one aspect of being malnourished. With dietary and lifestyle changes, it is possible to prevent and manage obesity.
harmful effects of obesity
Compared to people at a healthy weight, obese people have an increased risk of various diseases and conditions such as:
• high blood pressure
• High LDL cholesterol, low HDL cholesterol, or high levels of triglycerides
• Diabetes Type 2
• coronary heart disease
• the strokes
• Gallbladder disease
• Sleep apnea and shortness of breath
“You can help children learn about nutrition through nutrition-based games. In my experience, engagement with children is better when you teach them through play and interaction in an informal way. You can even encourage them to watch movies or videos on the subject.”
Dr. Eram Rao, Vice Principal, Bhaskaracharya College of Applied Sciences, University of Delhi
“So far we have been looking at nutritional status only as a result of what you are eating. However, we know it also depends on your level of physical activity, your lifestyle and your morbidity profile… We have to deal with these aspects as well.”
Dr. Pulkit Mathur, Associate Professor and Head, Department of Food and Nutrition, Lady Irwin College, University of Delhi
To help the public make small changes that lead to a healthier lifestyle, the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) launched the campaign “Aaj Se Thoda Kaam”. This campaign encourages people to make changes such as:
• Prevent children from eating excessive chocolate and candy that can put them at risk of obesity and other non-communicable diseases later in life.
• Use naturally sweet ingredients instead of refined sugars, such as adding fruit to sweets
• Instead of drinking fruit juice, eat fresh whole fruits. It provides fiber, which gives a feeling of satiety and fewer calories.
• Limit the consumption of cakes, pastries, confectionery and sweets prepared from refined grains containing high amounts of sugar.
• Spices like nutmeg, cinnamon can be used to reduce the need for sugar in the dishes.
Question:- What are some ways to avoid being overweight or obese?
Answer :- The World Health Organization recommends the following actions to prevent being overweight or obese:
• Limit energy intake from total fat
• Shift fat consumption from saturated fat to unsaturated fat
• Increase your intake of legumes, whole grains and nuts, along with fruits and vegetables
• Limit sugar intake
• Boosting physical activity levels – getting at least 30 minutes of regular, moderate-intensity activity on most days
Question:- Are all fats bad for you?
Answer:- No, moderate amounts of fats and oils are part of a healthy diet. However, eating too many saturated fats and trans-fats should be avoided as people who consume them in excess are at higher risk of heart disease and stroke. Trans-fats are often found in processed and packaged foods.
For adults, the World Health Organization defines overweight and obesity as follows:
Overweight is a body mass index (BMI) that is greater than or equal to 25;
Obesity BMI greater than or equal to 30
It should be noted that BMI should be considered as an approximate guide as it may not correspond to the same degree of obesity in different individuals.
keep these things in mind
There are three steps you can take to prevent obesity:
1. Try reducing sugar in your diet as per the suggestions given by Aaj Se Thoda Kaam Abhiyan
2. Plan on getting 30 minutes of regular, moderate-intensity physical activity most days of the week. Share it with your friends and family and keep each other updated on your progress.
3. Avoid Processed and Packaged Foods