Digital Desk, Srinagar. Drone movements are increasing continuously around the border of Jammu and Kashmir. After this, India has also raised the issue at the international level that such activities of drones can prove fatal from the point of view of security not only in India but also at the international level. After this attack, there has been a debate about the use of drones in India. Know in this report what is a drone and how does it operate? What are the guidelines of the government regarding its use and what can be the harm from it and flying drones in the country.
What is a Drone?
Drones are also called UAVs i.e. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles or RPAS i.e. Remotely Piloted Aerial Systems. In common parlance, it is also called mini helicopter. Often you must have seen the drone being used for photography during the wedding. It is a device with HD cameras, onboard sensors and GPS. A software is required to control it. There are 4 rotors around it, with the help of which it is able to fly high in the sky. The weight of a drone can range from 250 grams to more than 150 kilograms.
Software, GPS and remote are required to fly the drone. You can operate and control the drone only through the remote. The speed of the rotors mounted on the drone is controlled through a remote key joystick. At the same time, GPS gives directions, GPS sends warnings to the operator before the accident occurs.
How can drone strikes happen?
Drones are being used by the armies of many countries, because they are small in size, so they are not easily caught by radar, as well as can sneak in inaccessible areas. This is the reason why their use in the army has started increasing. Drone attacks are possible in two ways. One way is that weapons or explosives are installed in the drone and the drone drops these weapons or explosives on the target. Another method of drone attack is to turn the drone itself into an explosive.
How deadly can drone strikes be?
It depends on the type and payload of the drone. Payload means how much weight the drone can carry with it. The higher the payload capacity of the drone, the more explosive material it can carry with it. America’s MQ-9 Reaper drone is capable of carrying a weight of up to 1700 kg.
Drone strikes so far
In 2020, the US killed Iranian Major General Soleimani. Earlier in 2019, Yemen’s Houthi rebels carried out a drone attack on Saudi Arabia’s Aramco Oil Company. During 2009 a drone attack in Pakistan’s Waziristan killed 60 people.
Guidelines regarding the use of drones in the country
The Ministry of Civil Aviation in the country has put many restrictions on flying drones. These restrictions are divided into several classes according to the weight and size of the drone.
1.Nano Drones- A license is not required to fly it.
2.Micro Drones- To fly it, permission has to be obtained from the UAS Operator Permit-I and the drone pilot has to follow the SOP (Standard Operating Procedure).
A permit (license) from the DGCA is required to fly drones larger than these. If you want to fly a drone over a restricted place, then you will have to take permission from DGCA for this also. Flying a drone without permission is illegal and there is also a provision for heavy fines on the drone operator.
Restricted place to fly drone
- A strategically important area in or around a military area.
- 5 KM radius from International Airport and 3 KM from National Airport.
- 25 km radius of international border.
- Apart from this, keeping in mind the category of drones, the height up to which they can be flown is also determined.
License required to fly drone
A license or permit is required to fly any type of drones except nano drones. Licenses to fly drones are given under two categories, the first is student remote pilot license and the second is remote pilot license. Both of these To obtain the license, the minimum age of the drone operator should be 18 years and maximum 65 years. For license, the operator must have at least 10th pass or equivalent to 10th class, he must have a degree from a recognized board. The person applying must also pass the DGCA Specified Medical Examination. There is also a background check for the license.
- 25000 fine for flying without license.
- A fine of Rs 50000 for flying in a no-operation zone i.e. restricted area.
- Not having third party insurance for the drone can attract a fine of Rs 10,000.